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Vertical Farming

Introduction Vertical farming refers to growing crops in stacked trays or platforms. Predominantly housed indoors, vertical farms require lighting and control systems for temperature, humidity, and air circulation that are autonomous from the natural environment. Though greenhouses are slowly adopting…

Permaculture, Agroecology, and Agroforestry

Introduction Farming-associated activities are a leading cause of environmental degradation. From the use of agrichemicals, and clearing of forests to make way for cropland, to the degradation of soil due to unhealthy farming practices, agriculture has so far grossly failed…

Greenhouse Farming

Introduction Greenhouse farming is a form of Controlled environment agriculture, more commonly known as CEA. CEA may mean different things to different agricultural practices. The overriding definition, however, is that CEA seeks to control the way plants are exposed to…

Aquaculture and Fisheries

Introduction Since 1961, the global consumption of beef has been increasing at an average of 1.1% each year. Consumption of other types of meat has also been increasing at a significant rate. Compared to the average population growth of 1.6%…

Irrigation efficiency and water recycling

Introduction Irrigation has helped the Great Plains spring into life, propelling the US to become one of the world’s biggest producers of grains, with a net surplus of food. The center-pivot irrigation system has been instrumental in converting land that…

Outdoor Farming

Introduction Outdoor farming refers to the cultivation of land without the assistance of a controlled environment. By controlled environment, we mean a system that can help the farmer control temperature, humidity, lighting, and substrate (soil). Outdoor farming can be reliant…

Agrivoltaics

Introduction Some crops grow well in woodlands, requiring moderate access to sunlight to do well. Such crops include raspberries, blackberries, gooseberries, pecans, hazelnuts, and currants. These crops still need to grow in soil, at least for the foreseeable future, due…

Where the Pattern Comes From and Why it Matters

In 1833, in Kirtland, Ohio, Joseph Smith, Frederick G. Williams, and Sidney Rigdon reported that they had received visions of a community plot and multipurpose building. Williams documented the experiences in descriptive text and diagrams. According to the plot text,…

NewVistas Pattern Graphics

Graphics and schematics covering several physical and organizational aspects of NewVistas. Facilities Graphics Set updated in July of 2022. Includes details of block, hub, and storehouse areas as well as several items related to the community building: overall size and…